Happy Father's Day, dads! May your Honey Do list be short today.
It was on this day, June 19, 1865 — two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation and months after the end of the Civil War — that word finally reached the last of the enslaved people that “all slaves are free.” Union General Gordon Granger read these words from the balcony of the former Confederate Army headquarters in Galveston, Texas, 80 miles west of the Louisiana line.
There are several theories as to the delay that left slaves in Texas toiling under the lash for so much longer than they should have. One theory is that a messenger had been killed on the way to read the Proclamation. Another is that slave owners purposely withheld the news (which would have been all too easy in the days before the technology we now take for granted).
In the end, it took 2,000 union troops to capture the state to enforce the law. Only then could General Gordon read the Proclamation stating that the enslaved people were now to be employees rather than property. The reactions among the newly freed people ranged from shock to jubilation. Some stayed to see what employment would mean. Others left the plantations immediately and set out to find family members spread out over the region.
Slavery was quickly replaced with sharecropping and a Jim Crow caste system that would hold formerly enslaved people and their descendants in the grip of a brutal new social order which millions would ultimately flee.
Here in this photo, survivors of slavery soberly observe Juneteenth in their hats, canes and bonnets in Austin, TX, 1900. In the early years, the newly freed people and their descendants took pains to dress up for Juneteenth, as laws had forbidden slaves to do so in certain jurisdictions, even in the rare instances when owners would have been so inclined to provide them with decent clothing.
Juneteenth has been a state holiday in Texas since 1980, and has long been celebrated in California, where many Texans journeyed during the Great Migration. Now, a total of 42 states and the District of Columbia recognize it as a state holiday or special day of observance. Celebrations now often include parades, storytelling, barbecue and red soda pop, prayer and recognition of the elders. The building from which General Granger read the Proclamation all those years late is now a historic landmark.
In honor of the last enslaved Americans to be set free…..
— The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration
From the cover of the Dec. 12, 2010, New York Times Book Review
If you notice a tree with bare branches this season its likely dead. An arborist can tell you if the whole tree needs to come down or if only some branches are affected. The trunk might look completely normal, but if it’s dead those branches may be dry and brittle and can do considerable damage to your roof, person, or a neighbor’s roof or person if they fall or are blown off by high winds.
This Saturday June 20th from 11 AM to 4 PM the Asian American Alliance will present their 8th annual Asian Fest to highlight the cultural heritage of Asia in Central Indiana. The event is free and open to the public and will take place in the Great Hall of the Indiana State Museum. This year’s featured country is India. The festival is free and family-friendly and will include cultural performances, games, and activities, merchandise, and food from local Asian restaurants. Highlights will include:
*Tai Chi and Yoga demonstrations
*Bollywood and classical Indian fusion dance
For more information: http://ow.ly/OpcWn
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Asian American Alliance – Asian Fest
For the third year, AAAI is partnering with IndyParks and Garfield Park to bring Asia to Indianapolis. More than 500 people attend this annual…
“Hummingbird feeders must be kept clean and free from mold and fungus, or the tiny hum-buzzers you so enjoy could develop a serious and deadly fungus infection.”
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Loving Hummingbirds to Death
Hummingbirds are easy to attract to a backyard garden, a cinch to keep well fed, and a joy to watch. These sparkling jewels of summer are easy to…
Seen on Facebook and used by permission of the owner: Dancing Bear wallpaper border applied to a bathroom ceiling to simulate crown molding– and you think YOUR house has problems.Continue reading →
Weekend project: Install posts in concrete for a backyard hammock. http://ow.ly/MUe41
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How to Build a Post for a Hammock | eHow
Hammocks are one of the quintessential items of summer. If you don't have two trees the correct distance apart, you'll need to build one or two…